[Public Officials English] 5. Family Law

Last Updated: March 14, 2019 Categories: , , Tags:



1. Family Law Past, Family Law Past Complete, Family Law Present

 1) Subjunctive method The past is a subjunctive method that is'opposite to the present facts' and takes the structure of'If + subject + past tense of verb, subject + past tense of auxiliary verb + verb archetype'.
  ex) If she loved me, I could marry her.
        If I were a bird, I could fly to you. -> Just because there is an'I' does not use was. Write'were'.

 2) Subjunctive past perfection is a subjunctive method that is'opposite to past facts' and takes the structure of'If + subject + had + past participle~, subject + past tense of modal verb + have + past participle'.
  ex) If I hadn't smelled gas, what would have happened?
        If I had rained, I would have stayed at home.

 3) Family Law The present represents'uncertainty in the present or the future', and nowadays it is common to use the direct method present, and is used only when expressing an idiomatic meaning.
  ex) She demanded that he give up his right. -> It is used as a subordinate clause of a verb indicating assertion, demand, and command.
 *'S + insist / suggest / propose / urge / order / advise / desire, etc. + that ~ (should) R ~', which you may have seen very much while studying English, is one of the expressions that are currently treated as subjunctive.

2. Family Law Future, Mixed Family Law

 1) The subjunctive future represents'the unlikely thing to happen in the future' and takes the structure of'If + subject + should/were to + verb~, subject + auxiliary verb present/past + verb' using should or were to. The present/past modal verbs are used flexibly.
 And if ~ were to V, -> Were + S to V, it is also possible.
  ex) If I were to go abroad, I would go to France. ->'were to' is mainly used when talking about impossible things.
        If it should rain, I will not come.

 2) The mixed assumption method is a subjunctive method consisting of the If clause of the subjunctive method past perfect and the main clause of the subsumptive method past. It is used when the past fact affects the present fact. It takes the structure of'past + verb'. The important point here is that the If clause may or may not contain phrases representing the past tense, In the main verse, some phrases are used to indicate the present indication.
  ex) If he had taken the doctor's advice, he might still be alive.
        If she had not broken her leg, she would be skiing now.

 On the other hand, the subjunctive method can also be used in conjunction with the direct method.
  ex) I would buy that book, but i do not have enough money.

3. I wish / as if / it is time

 1) The I wish subjunctive is used when you want to do it or vice versa for something that is not really the case. It takes the structure of'I wish (that) + were/ past verb (assuming law past) / Had pp (assuming law past perfection)'.
  ex) I don't have a job. I wish I had a job.
        I ate too much, and now I feel sick. I wish I hadn't eaten so much.

 2) As if subjunctive method uses the subjunctive past if the two tenses match when comparing the direct and tense preceding as if, and the subjunctive past perfect if the content of the subjunctive method precedes it. It takes the structure of'S + present/past verb as if(though) ~ were/verbs (in case of the same point in time) / had pp (in case of previous point in time)'.
  ex) I am all grown up. But she treats me as if I were a child.
        It was not my fault. But he blamed me as if I had made a mistake.

 3) After It is time, the subjunctive past continues, indicating'not currently doing what should be done'. It takes the structure of'It is (about/high) time (that) + ~ should + R (in case of a matter of course) / past verb (in case of the opposite of the present fact)'.
  ex) It is high time you had a haircut.
        It's high time that he found a wife himself and settled down.

4. Watch out for subjunctive phrases

 1)'If it were not for' refers to the meaning of'if there is no ~'in the subjunctive past, and can be shortened as'Without(but for) + noun'.
  ex) If it were not for sports, life would be dull.
   -> Were it not for sports, life would be dull.
   -> Without(But for) sports, life would be dull.

 2)'If it had not been for' means'if it had not been' as the subjunctive past perfection, and can be shortened as'Without(But for) + noun'.
  ex) If it had not been for your play, out team would not have won. 
    -> Had it not been for your play, our team would not have won.
    -> Without(but for) your play, our team would not have won.

 3) The subjunctive method can be used only with main clauses or conditional clauses.
  ex) We would have arrived sooner, but we had a flat tire.
         If only I'd listened to my parents!

 4) You can omit If by using inversion.
  ex) I would give you my favorite book should she smile at you. ->'If + S + had/were/should/had+pp -> Had/Were/Should/Had+pp (this has an S in the middle) + S'.

5. If conditional substitute phrase -> Used when there is a modal verb abduction clause before and after.

1) infinitive
  ex) To look at him, you could not help laughing(=If you were to look at him)

 2) Nozzle door
  ex) The same man, Living in this century, would be a hero.

 3) Expression of If through nouns
  ex) A true friend would have acted differently. (=If he had been a true friend, he would have acted differently.)

 4) Expression of If through adverbs (phrase)
  ex) Without air, no living thing could exist. (=If it were not for air)

 * But/except/save ~ subjunctive -> unlessHas the meaning of. All of the subsidiary methods are, but at first glance you can't see them, so you need to be especially careful with the tense.
  ex) I would go to visit that beautiful lake, But I can't get in touch you while I am now in boston.
        I would have gone with him to washington except I had no time.
       He could have bought such a fine house, but he was poor.

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