[Korean History for Public Officials] 10. Development of ancient society. Political Changes in the Age of North and South Korea 3. Balhae.
1. Goguryeo succession ceremony
- The founding of Balhae: When the party's control over the Liaoxi region weakened, a former Goguryeo general Cho Jo-youngThe Goguryeo people and Malgal groups, centered on this, moved to the eastern part of Manchuria, which was hardly affected by the war, and established a Jingu (698) at the foot of Dongmo Mountain in Donhua City, Jilin Province. With the founding of Balhae, Silla in the south and Balhae in the north coexisted, forming a state of North and South Korea. Balhae expands the area Most of the territory of old Goguryeo was restoredDo it.
- Consciousness of succession to Goguryeo: Although Balhae had a large number of Malgals living in that area, Balhae was sent to Japan Goryeo or King of GoryeoIt was a country that inherited Goguryeo based on the fact that it used the name of and the similarity of culture. Dae Jo-young was from Sillagogi King fortuneIt is recorded as the longevity of Goguryeo. In addition, most of the ruling class of Balhae were from Goguryeo, including the royal family Daessi.
In a national book sent to Japan, he said, "We restored the ancient land of Goguryeo and inherited the tradition of Buyeo." In addition, when he sent condolences to Japan, he called himself'King of Korea Daeheummu', and in the same year sent to Balhae from Japan, King Balhae was called'King of Korea'.
If Balhae rises from the old Goguryeo land and advocated succession to Goguryeo, Silla's unification of the three kingdoms would be incomplete. In this regard, it has been argued that the era of coexistence between Balhae and Silla should be assumed, and that it should be referred to as the'international era'. Eight years of King Jeongjo (1784) Dismissal It was raised by using the term'South-North History' in the foreword, and Kim Jong-ho emphasized its justification by using the term'North and South Korea' in the first year of King Gojong (1864). In fact, the new lines even called Balhae'North Korea'.
2. Development of Balhae
- Gowang (698~719): Dae Jo-young used his own name, Siho is Gowang, and Cheontong. It is said that immediately after Balhae was founded, Silla gave Dae-a-chan, the fifth pum, to Dae-young. Immediately after the founding of the country, they tried to escape from the threat of the Party by sending envoys to the Turks to establish diplomatic relations. However, when the conflict between the party and the Turks reverted to friendship in 711, they entered into diplomatic relations with the Balhae Party in 713. At this time, the party appointed Dae Jo-yeong as King of Balhae, and from this, the country began to use the name of the country as Balhae.
- King Mu (719~737): In the Daemartial Arts, Siho is King Mu, and Inan, the original name was used. During the period of King Mu, who succeeded Dae Dae-young, he devoted himself to territorial expansion, subjugating various forces in the northeast, and taking control of northern Manchuria. With the expansion of Balhae's power, Silla strengthened its northern borders and tried to connect with the Blackhead Malgaldo Party. In 732, Balhae first attacked the Shandong province of the Tang with the army of Jang Mun-Hyu. Conflict with the Tang army in the Yoseo areaI did it. In order to prevent the Dang and Silla's pincers, it was possible to maintain a balance of power in Northeast Asia by establishing close relations with Japan in the first place and Japan in the north.
- Moonwang (737~793): Daeheummu used his own name that Siho is King Moon and Daeheung. Moonwang rebuilt the capital along with the improvement of the cultural system. Capital in 755 Chongqing North from Hyeondeokbu (now Helong County, Jilin Province) Tokyo I moved to Yongcheonbu (now Yongan County, Heilongjiang Province). Again in 785 east longitude The capital was also moved to Yongyuanbu (now Hunchun City, Jilin Province). Later, at the end of the 8th century, King Seong reopened the capital. Tokyo I moved to Yongcheonbu.
In addition, King Moon established a friendly relationship with the Party and reorganized the system by accepting the Party's culture. The international status was also elevated, and in 762 the Party promoted Dae Xinmu from King Balhae to King Balhae. A permanent traffic route was also opened with Shilla to resolve the confrontation. In 790, Silla sent an envoy to Balhae. Balhae boasted that he was a thousand sons to Japan, and showed off the state of the emperor by wearing the title of Emperor.
- King Seon (818~830): Dae Insu, the fourth-generation grandson of Daeyabal, the younger brother of Jo Jo-young, is the king of Siho. GunheungUsed its own chronology. Balhae subjugated most of the Malgal tribes during the first king of the 9th century and advanced into the Liaodong region, and occupied a large territory to the south where it bordered with Silla. The largest market was achieved by encompassing the coastal region to the east, central Manchuria to the west, and the Heilongjiang area and the middle and lower reaches of the Songhua River to the north. 5 scenes, 15 copies, 62 weeksThe local system of the city was also improved. Afterwards, the Chinese people in the heyday of Balhae Haedong ProvinceI called it this.
In the 9th century, as the national tax of Silla weakened and the national tax of Balhae strengthened on the contrary, a rivalry emerged between Silla, who tried to preserve the past alliance with the Party, and Balhae, which was trying to find a real advantage. In 897, Balhae demanded that the Silla envoy be seated. Between 869 and 873, between Osodo and Shilla, a senior quarrel broke out in the Dang Bin Engineering Department, and the same incident took place in 906.
- 10th century: At the beginning of the 10th century, the Guran, which unified the tribes, expanded its power to the east, and the power struggles of the nobles intensified even inside Balhae, leading to a significant decline in the national power of Balhae. Perished by the invasion of(926). After the fall of Balhae, Georan established Dongdan-guk here, and the eldest son of Georan Taejo ruled. In 928, when Dongdan-guk was moved, the Balhae residents were forced to relocate to Liaodong. After the fall of Balhae, the migrants established the Jeongan Bureau in the Yalu River basin, the late Balhae Bureau in the Yongcheonbu region, Osa Bureau, and Heungyo Bureau. In this way, the resistance of Balhae Yumin continued until 200 years after its destruction.
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