Comparative Compare the twoIs to do. Just mentioning the most important things Match targetIs to do. It means that phrases, clauses, words, quasi-verbs, parts of speech, and cases must match. For example, comparing to adjectives should be to adverbs (sometimes not, depending on the situation...), and adjectives must be compared between adjectives. In real life, if you compare your hair style to someone else, you have to compare it to someone else's'hairstyle'.
Unlike comparative grade, superlative is used when comparing three or more.
* Little/no better than: Like...
* most ~: most (when used as an adjective) / a most: very, very / the most: most
ex) She was a most surprised to hear the news of her husband's sudden death.
* S + know better than + to R~: It means'not stupid enough to do~'.
= Be not so foolish as to R ~ = Be not such a fool as to R ~
ex) You should have known better than to trust her. : It wasn't wise to trust her. -> As you can see from there, at first glance it looks like to should not be used. careful...
* as ~ as one can: as much as possible
ex) Speak as slowly as you can. : Speak as slowly as possible.
* as ~ as can be: perfect ~ one
ex) The weather is as fine as can be. : The weather is perfect.
* not so much A as B: B rather than A
ex) He is not so much poor as careless with money. : He is not poor but careless in money.
* not so much as ~: Not even ~.
ex) She didn't so much as look at me. -> She didn't even try to watch.
* The + comparative grade, the + comparative grade: The more you do, the more ...
ex)The older we grow, the weaker does our memory become: The older we grow, the weaker our memory becomes. -> There is an important thing here. In the latter part, if the subject is a pronoun, it is in the form of S + V, but if it is just a noun, the subject verb is inverted. However, since we can't just invert the common verb, we replaced it with does.
* the + and + comparative grade: increasingly
ex) Our world is getting smaller and smaller. : Our world is getting smaller and smaller.
* much(still) more ~ (positive sentence) / much(still) less ~ (negative sentence): needless to say
ex) I like music, much more dancing. : I love music, not to mention dancing.
* A is no more B than C is D: A is not B is the same as C is not D.
ex) A whale is no more a fish than a horse is (a fish): A whale is not a fish just like a horse is not a fish.
* no more than = only: only / no less than = as much(many) as: as much as
not more than = at most: at least / not less than = at least: at least