[Public Officials English] 18. Comparative Syntax

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Comparative syntax

Civil Service English 18. Comparative Syntax

Civil Service English Comparative Syntax

1. Comparative grade

Comparative Compare the twoIs to do. Just mentioning the most important things Match targetIs to do. It means that phrases, clauses, words, quasi-verbs, parts of speech, and cases must match. For example, comparing to adjectives should be to adverbs (sometimes not, depending on the situation...), and adjectives must be compared between adjectives. In real life, if you compare your hair style to someone else, you have to compare it to someone else's'hairstyle'.

  1. as: Comparison by source levelIt is mainly used when doing, and the original form of an adjective/adverb is used. The main forms are as A as B, such A as B, the same A as B, not so much A as B (not A so much as B).
    ex) He is as tall as his brother -> The important point here is that it is not used as a comparative class like taller.
  2. than: Comparative Make the used comparison. This is the most common form of comparison. Comparative grade is usually'~er', but for more than 3 syllables (usually long...), much/less is used.
    ex) Of gold and silver, the one is the more precious than the other.
  3. to: This is called a Latin comparison. I learned this when I was learning, but the reason why I compare Latin is when comparing adjectives derived from Latin such as senior, junior, superior, inferior, interior, exterior, prior, posterior, etc. senior to ~ Because it is used in the same way.
    ex) She is five years senior to me.

2. Superlative

Unlike comparative grade, superlative is used when comparing three or more.

  1. Basic example: She is the greatest pianist in the world.
  2. Absolute highest grade: It refers to the highest grade without any comparison object that can be compared with the subject. As a feature, it is usually used at the highest level do not use theIs.
    ex) The river is deepest at this point on the corner.
  3. Superlative in semantic: Apparently, as or than is used, which is comparative at first glance, but superlative in meaning. No(other) / Few A + ~ Superlative meaning ~ + so ~ as Raw / Comparative than + B Form.
    ex) Few synthetic vitamins and minerals in pill supplements are absorbed by the body so effieicnt as those occurring naturally in foods. -> Those there mean vitamins and minerals.
  4. S + V + the last(never) + noun + to + R ~ There is a form, meaning 'NeverIt means'.
    ex) He is the last man to do such a silly thing. -> He is by no means a person to do stupid things.

    * He is the best in his class. -> There, the best means'second to none'. This is the best.

3. Other expressions

* Little/no better than: Like...

* most ~: most (when used as an adjective) / a most: very, very / the most: most
ex) She was a most surprised to hear the news of her husband's sudden death.

* S + know better than + to R~: It means'not stupid enough to do~'.
= Be not so foolish as to R ~ = Be not such a fool as to R ~
 ex) You should have known better than to trust her. : It wasn't wise to trust her. -> As you can see from there, at first glance it looks like to should not be used. careful...

* as ~ as one can: as much as possible
 ex) Speak as slowly as you can. : Speak as slowly as possible.

* as ~ as can be: perfect ~ one
 ex) The weather is as fine as can be. : The weather is perfect.

* not so much A as B: B rather than A
 ex) He is not so much poor as careless with money. : He is not poor but careless in money.

* not so much as ~: Not even ~.
 ex) She didn't so much as look at me. -> She didn't even try to watch.

* The + comparative grade, the + comparative grade: The more you do, the more ...
 ex)The older we grow, the weaker does our memory become: The older we grow, the weaker our memory becomes. -> There is an important thing here. In the latter part, if the subject is a pronoun, it is in the form of S + V, but if it is just a noun, the subject verb is inverted. However, since we can't just invert the common verb, we replaced it with does.

* the + and + comparative grade: increasingly
 ex) Our world is getting smaller and smaller. : Our world is getting smaller and smaller.

* much(still) more ~ (positive sentence) / much(still) less ~ (negative sentence): needless to say
 ex) I like music, much more dancing. : I love music, not to mention dancing.

* A is no more B than C is D: A is not B is the same as C is not D.
 ex) A whale is no more a fish than a horse is (a fish): A whale is not a fish just like a horse is not a fish.

* no more than = only: only / no less than = as much(many) as: as much as
  not more than = at most: at least / not less than = at least: at least

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