[Public Officials English] 1. 5 Forms of Sentence

Last Updated: February 24, 2019 Categories: , , Tags: ,

5 types of sentences

5 types of sentences

 All English sentences can be roughly divided into 5 categories. At first, it is simply divided into five, but as adverbs that do not correspond to the '5 forms of sentence' are included, the sentence is endlessly lengthened. Let's take a quick look at '5 forms of sentences'.

 Form 1: Among the five forms of a sentence, the verb that forms a sentence in Form 1 is called a'complete verbal verb'. Type 1 sentences Established only with subject and verbDo it. Of course, as explained earlier, many adverbs are added to the actual sentence.
  ex) The little birds were hopping from one branch to another.

 The meaning of'complete verbal verb' refers to a verb that does not use a bore or object. First of all, since it is an automatic sign, it does not have an object, but verbs using bore are called incomplete verbs. There are many types of fully automatic words, but the friends to be aware of are...
  · Count: important
  Matter: important
  · Work: works / works
  · Do: enough
  · Pay: to be profitable
  Etc.

  * Intransitive verbs that can be easily misunderstood as a passive verb -> These are cases where you must use a preposition.
   Graduate from: to graduate from
   Complain of, about: to complain of, about:
   Wait for: to wait for
   Account for: to explain, to account for
   Sympathize with: sympathize with
   Consent to: to consent to, to agree to
   · Add to: to increase
   Interfere with: interfere with
   · Apologize to, for: to apologize, make excuses
   Object to: object to
   Arrive at, in: arrive at, in:
   Start(depart) from: to start
   · Answer for: is responsible for
   · Leave for: to leave for
   Enter into: to start

 Format 2: The sentence of format 2 Subject, verb, and boreConsists of. The verb used in a two-form sentence is called an'incomplete verb'. Words that can be bore are nouns and adjectives.

  · Continuous verb -> remain, keep, stay, continue, hold, rest + noun / adjective bore
  Become verb -> become, go, run, fall, come, grow, turn, make + noun / adjective bore
  · Sense verbs -> sound, taste, smell, feel, look (noun, adverb is not) + adjective
  look/seem + like
  smell of + noun
  sound like

  * keep => S + keep + bore (brother/name) -> keep state                                     
                                      (on) ~ing -> continue operation                                     
                                      Object + Object Bore (Type/Name) -> Maintain
                                      Object (person) + objective bore (~ing) -> proposition verb Object (thing) + objective bore (pp) -> proposition verb

  · Seem verb -> seem, appear, prove, turn out + adjective/like + noun/negative

 Form 3: Form 3 is a form that uses complete transitive verbs. Completely passive verbs are Need an objectTo Objects that can be used include nouns, pronouns, infinitives, gerunds, noun phrases, and noun clauses.

  * Passive verbs that are easy to be mistaken for intransitive verbs -> In other words, no prepositions are added at the end.
   Reach, approach, attend, enter, oppose, discuss, consider, mention, emphasize, announce, await, inhabit, greet, answer, attack, resemble, marry, accompany, face, influence, avoid, contact, excell, follow, telephone, join, kiss

  * 3 form verbs that are easy to mistake for 4 form verbs
   1.Explain verb: say, suggest, propose, describe, confess, acknowledge, explain, announce, introduce + to AB (objective)
    ex) she suggested to me that we finish writing the report in time.

   2. Remind verbs: inform, notify, advise, warn, convince, assure, remind + A of B / A that S + V
    ex) He informed me fo the fact.

   3. rob verb: rid, rob, deprive, divest, relieve, ease, cure, plunder, bereave, strip + A of B
    ex) Someone robbed me of the watch.

   4. Provide verbs: provide, present, furnish, supply, trust + A with b
    ex) He provided me with the various goods.

   5. Prevent verbs: prevent, stop, keep, prohibit, dissuade, disable, discourage + A from B
    ex) The heavy rain prevented me from going to school.

   6. Thank verbs: praise, thank, forgive, excuse, punish, blame, scold, reprimand, reproach, rebuke + A for B
    ex) she has nothing to blame you for.

  * Verbs that take a reflexive pronoun as an object
   Absent oneself from: absent
   Accustom oneself to: familiar with
   · Apply oneself to: to be dedicated to
   Avail oneself of: to use
   Convince oneself of: to be convinced of
   Devote oneself to: devote to
   · Addict oneself to: to be addicted to
   Present oneself at: to attend
   Prepare oneself for: to prepare for
   Pride oneself on: to be proud of
   · Overwork oneself: overwork
   Overeat oneself: to overeat
   · Oversleep oneself: to oversleep

  * Verbs that take only the gerund as the object
   · Complete, give up: abandon, finish, quit, stop
   Avoidance: avoid, escape, deny, delay, postpone, miss(~ can't), resist
   Emotions: anticipate, appreciate, admit, enjoy, favor, dislike, abominate, mind Others: allow, consider, suggest, risk, advocate

  * Verbs that take only infinitives as objects
   Hope, expectation: expect, wish, hope, desire, want, would like
   Will, intention: choose, decide, determine, mean (intention), refuse, promise, plan, pretend
   Others: afford(can afford ~), fall(cannot~), manage(somehow ~), hesitate

  * A verb that takes both as objects
   There is no difference in meaning: begin, start, continue, intend, attempt
   Emotional verbs: prefer, like, hate, love (normal gerund is general, inclusive / infinitive is temporary, specific)
   There is a difference in tense: remember, forget, recall, regret (nouns are past facts, infinitives are future)

 Format 4: Indirect target words (to) and direct target words (to) are requiredIt is a form of using a conferred verb. Type 4 can be converted to type 3 by replacing the indirect object word with an adverb phrase.

  * Converted to 3 format
  1.Verses that use to: give, allow, show, grant, offer, hand, pass, owe, pay, promise, sell, send, serve, wish, recommend, teach, lend, tell + DO to IO

  2. Verbs that use for: buy, make, do, get, find, choose, prepare + DO for IO

  3. Verbs using of: ask, require, request, inquire, demand, beg + DO of IO

  * It is a case where there are two verbs -> objects that must be written in only 4 forms.
   Cost, take, save, forgive, spare, envy...

  * A verb that is mistaken for a conferred verb -> That is, it cannot be in the 4 form.
   Announce, explain, introduce, propose, suggest, describe, admit + object + adverb (A to B)

 Form 5: In Form 5, incomplete verbs are used. Incomplete transitive verbs are Requires object bore with objectTo The object and the object bore have a subject + verb relationship. Examples of words that can be used as targets include nouns, adjectives, infinitives, and participles.

  * Perceptual verb
   · See see, look at, watch, notice, observe, find
   Hear, listen to
   Perceive, smell, feel
   -> When the object bore is circular, it displays the status of the object, when it is a gerund, it emphasizes the meaning of progress, and when it is participle, it has a meaning of manual.
    ex) They saw the children swim around the island -> It shows the state of swimming at the time.

* There are ministry verbs -> make, have, and let. When the object is a person, the object bore is circular, and when the object is, the object bore is participle.

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